How Does An Electric Golf Cart Work

For knowing the working process of an electric golf cart, first of all, you should know what an electric golf cart is? An electric golf cart is a small motorized vehicle that is considered as part of the golf game.

On the other hand, it’s generally a two-person small vehicle powered by an electric motor. However, the golf cart mainly carries two-player and their bags.

Sometimes this matter makes us think, how does an electric golf cart work

The working process of an electric golf cart is complex. However, first of all, the power goes from the electric battery to the motor.

Then the motor drives the wheels of the cart, and the cart began to move. The battery is considered the heart of a golf cart, and it may be 6-48 volts. In this article, we discuss how a golf cart works and what components are involved with it.

Golf carts battery pack:

A battery is a device that stocks chemical energy and changes it to electrical energy. The chemical reactions embroil the flow of electrons from one component to another through an external circuit.

The flow of electrons produces an electric current that can be used to do work. To keep balance the flow of electrons, charged ions also flow by an electrolyte solution in contact with both electrodes.

Different electrodes and electrolytes generate different chemical reactions that affect how the battery works, its voltage, and how much energy it can store.

The battery is the powerhouse of an electric golf cart. It provides power to move the cart. The battery originally works by changing the chemical power to electric power.

Several types of batteries use several types of chemicals. But most of them are the same. By charging the battery, you can use them for a long time.

Though the battery is a simple component, without it, you can’t produce electric energy. For this reason, the battery pack is essential for an electric golf cart.

The Solenoid of a Golf Cart:

When you start the cart, the battery will supply electric energy to the motor, and the motor will begin to work. If you aren’t able to control the energy, your cart will run like crazy.

That is why an electric golf cart uses a solenoid. Do you ask what solenoid is? The answers will like that, it is mainly a switch, but more deeply, it’s a relay, which uses one circuit to control another.

When you start your golf cart or press down the lever, your cart’s solenoid began working on transferring energy from the battery to the traction motor in an electric golf cart.

The solenoid is such a device that it is an integral part of a golf cart’s operation.

This small device is made of two main sections. One of them is a steel plunger, and the other is a coil made up of thin wire.

When you push the lever down, the solenoid will send more energy to the motor through the circuits, so the speed will up. And when you escape the lever, the speed will be slow down because the solenoid does so.

Speed Controller of an Electric Golf Cart:

The speed control system of an electric golf cart is different from a gasoline engine golf cart. The cart uses a motor circuit. It also uses an electric resistance which produces a voltage drop with the circuit.

This accessory originally consumes electric energy and helps control the golf cart’s motor’s speed. Though the speed controller is a simple component, you can’t control your cart speed without it.

That is why the speed controller is essential for an electric golf cart.

The throttle of the Electric golf cart:

You may have noticed that the accelerator controls both the solenoid and speed controller. The cart’s lever is connected with the throttle, which can be said an inductive throttle sensor.

By pushing the lever for acceleration, you actually through the inductive sensor coil by pushing a rod. The sensor is basically considered the speed controller that how much voltage has to consume.

More voltage means more speed, and less voltage means less speed.

The Motor of an Electric Golf Cart:

The working process of an electric motor is complex. Basically, an electric motor works with electric energy. The batteries supply electric energy by changing the chemical energy to electric energy.

First of all, electrical energy is sent to the stator via the battery. The coils are arranged on opposite sides within the stator that is why they act as magnets.

Therefore, when electric power is supplied to the motor from the cart battery, a magnetic field is created, which causes the coils to rotate.

As soon as the motor turns, the cart’s wheel starts turning, and the cart starts moving. This is how an electric golf cart works.

The working process of electric golf cart motors is discussed step by step. The electric motor is different from other engine motors.

To run other engine’s motors consume fuel. Though the working process of an electric motor is complex, it is cheaper than others.

How far will the electric golf cart go?

As deep-cycle lead-acid batteries power golf carts, their operating range depends on the batteries’ age and how they have been maintained through their operating life.

An electric golf cart with new batteries will go anywhere between 25 to 40 miles depending on the battery configuration, the model, and the cart’s voltage.

You may also see such golf carts that can go far 50 miles on a single charge. But it would help if you did not do that because it can shorten the battery life. It also may leave you stranded if the battery devours beyond its power usage.

How fast will the electric golf cart run?

A standard version of an electric golf cart is able to produce a huge amount of power. On average, it can run 12 to 14 mph or 19.3 to 22.5 kph.

Bear in mind that a good golf cart can’t go faster than 25 miles per hour. Mainly the power and speed of a golf cart depending on its usability.

For example, if hauling wills your primary purpose of using a cart, you can add some torque. On the other hand, if you drive the cart around your surroundings, you can boost speed.

However, you can make your carts faster by doing the following steps:

  • You can easily purchase and install larger tires. ​If the diameter of the wheels will increase, the golf cart will run faster. 
  • The standard golf cart tires size is around 18 inches. So, by upgrading them to 20 inches, you can add more than 2 MPH to the speed.
  • You can also upgrade the torque by using a torque upgrade kit or a controller upgrade kit too.

Though low-speed vehicles like golf carts are permitted at 35 mph, you should not travel more than 20 to 25 mph. When you upgrade the speed of your golf cart, you must always be very careful.

It would help if you never rode your cart at the top speed for a long time because it may damage your engine.


1. Does every electric golf cart use a motor?

Answer: Yes, the motor helps to run the cart. Without it, the movement of an electric golf cart is impossible. That is why electric golf carts use a motor.

2. How can I make my golf cart faster?

Answer: By following the steps given below, you can make your golf cart faster,

  • You can upgrade the torque by using a torque upgrade kit or a controller upgrade kit.
  • You can upgrade your golf cart motor.
  • By adding the better and large golf cart tires.
  • Import high-powered golf cart batteries.
  • Try to make your golf cart lite when riding.

3. How to clean a golf cart motor?

Answer: You can clean a golf cart motor by following the steps given below:

  • Take a cleaning liquid like- degreaser, which is non-flammable.
  • Also, take a dry and clean cloth and a golf cart motor brush.
  • Now rub the motor with the cloth using the liquid as far as your hand can reach.
  • Above all, use the brushes to wipe out the dry mud and other dirt.

4. How many volts should have a golf cart battery?

Answer: Basically the Best golf cart battery packs have around 48 volts. But some of them may have 50-52 volts.

Conclusive Discussion:

Above all, we can hope that now you know how does an electric golf cart work. We tried and researched a lot to explain the whole thing simply and easily.

If you have any queries, then feel free to knock us by comment box. We will try to appreciate your queries.